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Ne2, A Typical CC-NBS-LRR-Type Gene, is Responsible for Hybrid Necrosis in Wheat
Yaoqi Si, Shusong Zheng, Jianqing Niu, Shuiquan Tian, Mengjun Gu, Qiao Lu, Yilin He, Juan Zhang, Xiaoli Shi, Yiwen Li, Hong-Qing Ling


New Phytologist
DOI:10.1111/nph.17575


Abstract

 

Hybrid necrosis, caused by complementary genes Ne1 and Ne2, is a serious barrier for combining desirable traits from different genotypes of wheat, affecting the full utilization of heterosis. Until now, both Ne1 and Ne2 are still not isolated although they were documented decades ago.
 
We report here the map-based cloning and functional characterization of Ne2, encoding a coiled coil-nucleotide-binding site-leucine-rich repeat (CC-NBS-LRR) protein. Homozygous frameshift mutations generated by CRISPR/Cas9 approach confirmed the Ne2-inducing hybrid necrosis in wheat. Up-regulated expression of Ne2 induced by Ne1 and excess hydrogen peroxide accumulation are associated with the necrosis formation.
 
Genetic analyses of a Ne2 allele (Ne2m) and leaf rust resistance gene LrLC10/Lr13 revealed that they might be the same gene. Further, we demonstrated that the frequency of Ne2 allele was much lower in landraces (2.00%) than that in modern cultivars (13.62%), suggesting that Ne2 allele has been partially applied in wheat genetic improvement.
 
Our findings open opportunities of thoroughly investigating the molecular mechanism of hybrid necrosis, selecting Lr13 and simultaneously avoiding hybrid necrosis in wheat breeding through marker-assisted selection.
 
 
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