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Progress in Soybean Functional Genomics over the Past Decade
 Min Zhang, Shulin Liu, Zhao Wang, Yaqin Yuan, Zhifang Zhang, Qianjin Liang, Xia Yang, Zongbiao Duan, Yucheng Liu, Fanjiang Kong, Baohui Liu, Bo Ren, Zhixi Tian


Plant Biotechnology Journal
DOI:10.1111/pbi.13682


Abstract

 

Soybean is one of the most important oilseed and fodder crops. Benefiting from the efforts of soybean breeders and the development of breeding technology, large number of germplasm has been generated over the last 100 years. Nevertheless, soybean breeding needs to be accelerated to meet the needs of a growing world population, to promote sustainable agriculture and to address future environmental changes. The acceleration is highly reliant on the discoveries in gene functional studies. The release of the reference soybean genome in 2010 has significantly facilitated the advance in soybean functional genomics. Here, we review the research progress in soybean omics (genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics and proteomics), germplasm development (germplasm resources and databases), gene discovery (genes that are responsible for important soybean traits including yield, flowering and maturity, seed quality, stress resistance, nodulation and domestication) and transformation technology during the past decade. At the end, we also briefly discuss current challenges and future directions.
 
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